History of Sakarya Regional Directorate
Railway transportation, which started in 1866 in our country, has been carried out for many years with vehicles, all of which were imported and whose maintenance and repairs were carried out in an externally dependent manner. This situation has continuously caused problems and interruptions in railway operations and increased costs. The first facilities of today's TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate, formerly known as TÜVASAŞ, were put into operation on October 25, 1951 under the name of "Wagon Repair Workshop" in order to eliminate these problems.
The first wagon was manufactured in 1962 in the establishment, which has been transformed into Adapazarı Railway Factory (ADF) since 1961.
As a result of the export activities that started in 1971, a total of 77 wagons were exported to Pakistan and Bangladesh.
In 1975, RIC type passenger wagons started to be produced in international standards at the facilities named "Adapazarı Wagon Industry Organization" (ADVAS).
Since 1976, the production of electric suburban series has been started with the license of Alstom company and a total of 75 series (225 units) have been produced and delivered to TCDD.
In 1986, TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate focused on new projects by making breakthroughs in research and development activities and engineering services, as well as passenger wagons and electrical array manufacturing.
The projects produced in the 1990s were matured and the rail buses, RIC-Z type new luxury wagons and TVS 2000 air-conditioned luxury wagons, designed by TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate, were completed, and their production started in 1994.
In 1995, infrastructure works were accelerated for the production of vehicles used in light rail transportation.
TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate, which started to provide quality services in wagon production and repair with its experienced specialist, engineer and qualified worker staff in 1998, has also successfully completed the production of TVS 2000 type luxury sleeper wagons.
TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate suffered great material damage in the August 17, 1999 Marmara Earthquake. The workshops and infrastructure of the organization, which lost its production capability, became unusable, repair and production completely stopped.
Since April 2000, debris removal works have been started and with the great efforts of the personnel of TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate, re-manufacturing and repair activities have started in a short time.
In 2001, within the framework of the cooperation with SIEMENS, the assembly and commissioning of 38 vehicles of the Light Rail Vehicle fleet of the Bursa Metropolitan Municipality was carried out at the facilities of TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate.
Since 2002, M-Series (M10 pulman, M70 dinner and M80 personnel compartment) modernization wagon projects have been carried out in order to bring the old type wagons to a modern look and comfort in today's lines with a modular approach.
In the 2003-2009 period, high value-added, information and technology-intensive semi-finished products and equipment were localized, and passenger wagons began to be produced with a 90% domestic rate.
TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate has accelerated the export of wagons to abroad in recent years, generator wagons, which were started to be manufactured in 2005 for Iraqi Railways, were delivered on May 28, 2006. Thus, TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate has regained its identity as a company capable of exporting after 35 years.
In 2008, an enterprise resource planning (ERP) application, which enables monitoring and control of all business activities in computer environment, was introduced.
In 2008 and 2009, 84 (28 sets) subway vehicles to be operated by Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality between Taksim and Yenikapı and 75 (25 sets) electric train set (suburban) vehicles of TCDD were manufactured within the framework of joint production with the South Korean Hyundai / Rotem company. .
The project titled "Examination of Passenger Wagons Under Static and Dynamic Loads" accepted by TÜBİTAK within the scope of the program of supporting public institutions research projects in 2007; Computerized stress analysis of passenger wagons made it possible to report high-speed collisions and comfort tests under road conditions. In addition, since 2009, tests have been carried out on products with a static test stand.
In 2010, the multi-voltage energy supply unit (UIC voltage converter) to be used in European railways was manufactured and tested under road conditions.
In 2010, with the cooperation of Sakarya University, Uludağ University and TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate, the construction of the "Climatic Test Tunnel" where the air conditioning systems of rail vehicles will be tested was started and this application was presented to TÜBİTAK.
The Diesel Train Set (DMU) vehicles project, which started to be produced in 2010; It consists of a total of 84 vehicles, 12 of which are triple and 12 are 4. The production of these vehicles was completed until the end of 2013 and delivered to TCDD.
In 2010, within the framework of joint production with Hyundai / Rotem company, the production of 275 vehicles for the Marmaray Project started in our facilities in accordance with the contract.
TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate has an annual production capacity of 75 wagons and 500 wagon repairs within a total area of 439,059 m2, of which 94,752 m2 is closed area, 110,186 m2 is lodging and social facility.
In 2011, besides the production of 3 Diesel Train Sets with a total of 9 vehicles, 144 Marmaray vehicles (jointly with EUROTEM) were produced.
In 2012, 28 Diesel Train Set Vehicles, 20 K50 Sleepers Modernization and 49 Marmaray vehicles (jointly with EUROTEM) were produced.
In addition, a program was made to produce 30 Sleepers for the Bulgarian State Railways in 2012, and the production was completed by the end of 2012.
36 of the additional 124 DMU vehicles that were started to be produced in 2015 were completed in 2016 and delivered to TCDD. The project was completed by manufacturing 46 units in 2017 and 42 in 2018.
Currently, 12 sets (triple), 12 sets (4), 84 vehicles in total, with the old sets of 84 vehicles to be produced in total, the new vehicles are configured and the DMU fleet is transformed into 52 sets (4), 2 with engines and 2 without engines.
For TCDD, as of 31.12.2018, TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate, which has manufactured 2,300 passenger wagons and the maintenance, repair, revision and modernization of 38,490 passenger wagons, makes a significant contribution to our national economy besides making our country not dependent on foreign countries in the field of rail vehicles .
As of 2019, the work of the 100-vehicle (20 sets) National Train (EMU) project continues at full speed. Prototype production has been completed so far within the scope of the project and will be put into service in 2021 following the completion of the factory and road tests.
TÜVASAŞ Headquarters, as of 2020, 03.04.2020 date and 2186 No. President with the decision of TÜRASAŞ removed from the TCDD subsidiaries (Turkey Rail System Utilities Industry Corporation) organizations to No. 233 Decree with Article 3 of Law No. 399 Decree 4 It was decided in accordance with the third article.
The process that started with this decision was completed with the registration of TÜRASAŞ in the trade registry on 30.07.2020 and the Company, which has been known as TÜVASAŞ General Directorate until this day, continues its activities by taking the name of TÜRASAŞ Sakarya Regional Directorate.